Cuapao is a type of a steamed bun shaped like a thick folded taco filled with fermented mustard greens, pork and chopped peanuts.

I first saw this dish when I was really young, perhaps around 7 years old in Greenhills, I forgot the restaurant name but it was near that fishing pond inside that complex, up until my teenager years that place was still there but I am not sure if now they still exists. During those times this dish never appealed a young boy that I was, first I was already hooked to the normal usual siopao asado and green vegetable thing that is sandwiched on this bun looks disgusting to me, young boys in general never liked vegetables. Many years later as my palate was exposed to many different cuisines, I started to enjoy vegetables and appreciate what’s beyond a burger or a siopao which brought me to my first time eating them, at the same place. To my surprise it was not bad at all, in fact that green vegetable that accompanied it made sense as it added a different dimension in flavour and texture.

So what is cuapao? Basically it is the same recipe as the normal steamed bun, also called folded steamed sweet buns, Lotus Leaf Buns, bao bun or Guabao. Traditionally it is filled with a slice of red-cooked pork belly, dressed in stir-fried suan cai (pickled mustard greens), coriander, and ground peanuts but in the Philippines the slice of pork belly is replaced with something more Filipino, the asado filling. Either way a slice of pork or an asado works wonders with this soft fluffy bun.

This definitely is more versatile than siopao, because you can literally put anything on it, in the easiest way, duck, chicken, pork or beef, you can even change your mind, unlike with siopao, if that’s the filling of your choice then that’s it, you are stuck with it. What’s even better, is that in most Asian grocer’s frozen lotus leaf buns are readily available and that’s what I did with our recipe today.

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Cuapao 1


5 Stars 4 Stars 3 Stars 2 Stars 1 Star 5 from 3 reviews
  • Author: Raymund
  • Prep Time: 15 mins
  • Cook Time: 2 hours 30 mins
  • Total Time: 2 hours 45 mins
  • Category: Main Course
  • Cuisine: Filipino


Cuapao is a type of a steamed bun shaped like a thick folded taco filled with fermented mustard greens, pork and chopped peanuts.




  • lotus leaf buns
  • pork asado filling, ingredients and method below
  • burong mustasa, ingredients and method below
  • chopped roasted peanuts

Pork Asado Filling

Burong Mustasa (Fermented Mustard Greens)

  • 1 bunch mustard greens
  • 1 cup uncooked rice
  • 6 cups boiled water
  • 2½ tbsp sea salt


Pork Asado Filling

  1. On a pan add oil and sauté garlic then add pork, stir fry pork for 3 minutes.
  2. Add water, soy sauce, brown sugar and five spice powder. Bring to a boil and simmer in low heat for 2 hours or until the meat breaks apart, mixing occasionally to prevent burning, add additional water if needed.
  3. Once meat has broken down add hoisin sauce then thicken it with cornstarch mixture, simmer further until sauce thickens.
  4. Season with salt. Turn heat off then set aside.

Burong Mustasa

  1. Wash the leaves very well, drain then soak under the sun for 2 hour or until wilted.
  2. Combine rice and water in a pot, cover then cook the rice in medium heat until soft.
  3. Place salt and mustard leaves in a bowl. Gently mash the mixture then place in a sterilized jar
  4. Using a muslin cloth separate the rice from the water. Reserve water and let it cool down. Pour rice water into a sterilized jar up to the top, cover the jar then let is ferment in room temperature for 5 days.


  1. Steam Lotus leaf buns according to packet instructions. Once soft and hot, fill it with several pieces of burong mustasa, 2 tablespoons of pork asado then top it with chopped peanuts. Serve.


11 Responses

  1. I come over for tea, Raymund 🙂 Save me a basket or two! They look so good.

  2. I love buns like this! SO much fun to eat, and they’re always good. Love this recipe — so flavorful. Thanks!

  3. Sarah says:

    I love bao in all forms and this style sounds and looks so tasty!

  4. Cultureatz says:

    Love these buns but this is a new version. I am drooling!

  5. First time I hear about this cuapao dish. It looks super delicious!

  6. suituapui says:

    Ooooo…I love this! We call them mantao, nice to stuff with stewed 3-layer pork. Slurpssss!!!

  7. Rahul says:

    These steamed buns looks so delish. I love bao.. But never tried a cuapao before. Lotus leaf buns that sounds interesting. All your recipes are very unique. Thanks for sharing

  8. I’ve totally discovered new foods that I love now, but I didn’t love (or wouldn’t even try) as a kid. This looks like a delicious recipe, my friend!

  9. I love it even thounot yet tried it.. but I’m gonna make it.. thanks for these great food.

  10. Rachel says:

    Cuapao was also my favorite at Chocful of Nuts–across from National Bookstore at Virra Mall. And I remember they had another location in the same mall, same level (1st). Now trying to remember where Shoppesville was… Anyhow, have you tried making this without going thru all that trouble with the mustard greens? Seems like a lot of work.

    • Raymund says:

      You can opt out of it if is you dont want the hassle. Or better yet just boild some mustard leaves in salted water with a bit of vinegar just to add some texture to the dish.

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