Pinapaitan is a very popular dish in the Northern Part of the Philippines more specifically in Ilocos Region, the original dish consists of goat and ox innards and its meat flavoured with bile, tamarind and chillies.
- 600g ox tripe, cleaned, cooked and sliced into small pieces
- 250g beef heart, sliced into small pieces
- 250g beef liver, sliced into small pieces
- 250g beef brisket, sliced into small pieces
- 3 pcs medium sized bitter gourd, seeded and sliced into large chunks
- 1 big packet sinigang mix (tamarind mix)
- 1 to 1.5 liters beef stock
- 1/2 cup cane vinegar
- 1 whole garlic, minced
- 1 thumb size ginger, crushed and sliced finely
- 2 medium size red onion, chopped
- 6 green finger chillies (siling haba)
- 1 tbsp cayenne pepper
- fish sauce
- freshly ground black pepper
- Marinate liver for 30 minutes in vinegar then set aside.
- In a pot sauté garlic, ginger and onion in oil.
- Add all meat ingredients except for the liver, stir fry for 1 and brown on all sides
- Add beef stock, bitter gourd and chillies (do not slice). Bring to a boil and simmer for 45 minutes.
- Drain the vinegar out of the liver.
- Remove the chunks of bitter gourd and place them on a blender, blend well.
- Place blended bitter gourd into a fine sieve or a muslin cloth, run some hot stock on top while draining directly on the pot, this will get the maximum bitterness of the bitter gourd while making the soup clear.
- Add sinigang mix and liver simmer for additional 10 minutes, you might need to reduce the amount of sinigang mix according to the sourness you like.
- Flavour with fish sauce (according to your taste) and season with freshly ground black pepper.
Some bittering agent used apart from beef bile that I heard of but not yet tried are fish bile and coffee.
If you have easy access to bile juices then replace the bitter gourd with 1/4 cup of bile juice, cook according to instructions with replacement
Update: During the time I posted this there was no pinapaitan mix available, now that there is you can replace both ampalaya and sinigang mix with it. You might still need some sinigang mix to give it a bit of sourness.